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Understanding SCORM: The Backbone of E-Learning's Global Standard

If you are new to the world of e-learning or just looking for an explanation of the often mentioned term "SCORM", you have come to the right place. What is SCORM? And why is it so central when we talk about LMS, e-learning and nanolearning? Let's explore!

SCORM logo

What does SCORM mean?

SCORM, an acronym for "Sharable Content Object Reference Model", is an international standard for web-based e-learning. It specifies how online educational content is created, packaged and delivered to ensure interoperability across different learning platforms (LMS). With SCORM, educational materials, regardless of where they were created, can be easily imported, used, and tracked within any SCORM-compliant learning platform, making it a useful component of digital education.


How does SCORM work?

SCORM works by defining specific technical standards, criteria and protocols that both content authors and LMS developers must adhere to. This includes everything from how the content starts to how it communicates user data to the platform and how courses end. This standardization enables the use of identical e-learning materials across different LMS platforms.


What is a SCORM package?

A SCORM package is a collection of files packaged according to the SCORM specification. These files include both the learning material (such as video, text, images, tests) and instructions (metadata) for how the content should interact with a SCORM-compliant LMS. The package, usually in a .zip file, can then be uploaded to any SCORM-compliant LMS – like esTracer.


esTracer and SCORM: Import with the push of a button

We are proud of our platform's ability to fully support SCORM standards. This means users can easily import SCORM-compliant training into esTracer, simplifying the process for training developers and educators. Whether you already have existing SCORM content or are considering acquiring or creating new, esTracer's seamless integration will ensure your content is presented optimally.



Are there any downsides to SCORM?

While SCORM offers many advantages, there are also disadvantages. It can be technically complex to implement from scratch, hence many have moved away from only having SCORM. Also, since there are multiple versions of SCORM, compatibility issues can arise between them. SCORM also has difficulty handling mobile learning effectively, and it can sometimes lack advanced reporting capabilities that modern e-learning initiatives require. More important aspects to reflect on:


  • Limited adaptability: SCORM focuses primarily on the packaging and delivery of content, not its creation. While a complete e-learning platform like esTracer offers user-friendly tools for creating and customizing courses, SCORM packages are limited to the content they already contain.

  • Outdated technology: Although SCORM has been updated over time, the technical architecture can be considered outdated compared to the latest e-learning platforms built with modern technology and development languages. Therefore, it may be wise to import and build further in an e-learning platform such as esTracer. For example, you might want to import a scorm training and add a nano training as a follow-up and finish with a quiz. You can also integrate with, for example, your HR system.

  • Not optimized for mobile use: While today's eLearning platforms are often mobile-friendly and responsive, SCORM content can struggle to adapt to different screen sizes and devices, affecting the learning experience. When you create a course, nanotraining or Quiz in esTracer, you don't have to think about it. esTracer is fully responsive automatically and accessible according to WCAG 2.1 AA.


Think of! In addition, many use foreign companies or Swedish companies that do not have their data storage in Sweden. Which may be important to consider if the organization operates in Sweden, as organizations in Sweden must comply with GDPR. In esTracer, you always own your data and no data storage takes place in any other country than Sweden and of course fully GDPR compliant.


In summary:

While SCORM has its strengths in terms of interoperability and standardization of content across different platforms, it lacks many of the advanced features and customization options that modern eLearning platforms offer. If the goal is to create an interactive, engaging, and customizable learning experience, it may be worth considering a full eLearning platform over relying solely on SCORM content. In esTracer, you don't have to choose, but can use both to import SCORM trainings, create them yourself or choose from our freely available training bank. Or why not share training and collaborate with other organisations, municipalities and authorities?


Curious to know more about SCORM and how you can create digital training?



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